Part 1: Understanding Basic Hosting Terminology
Not every one of us is an IT expert, and sometimes things like web hosting can seem to have a language all of its own. Thankfully a little understanding can go a long way, which is why we’ve put together a Basic Hosting Terminology List to help you understand the acronyms, proprietary names and hosting terms used in the industry. Added to this, next month we’ll delve into the different types of websites one can find, as well as the type of web hosting servers one can utilise to host these websites.
Basic Hosting Terminology
Bandwidth: Simply put, this is the actual amount of data that can be transmitted to a specific server. A website that receives high volumes of traffic will therefore need a server with higher bandwidth.
Domain Name Server: Also commonly referred to as DNS, this is a server that can translate your domain name into an IP address which will then be routed to your web server.
Firewall: Probably one of the most well-known types of security used to protect a server. Its primary function is to prevent unauthorised data access attempts.
File Transfer Protocol: Another term that is more often than not known by its acronym of FTP. This is a method of allowing file uploads to a web server.
IP Address: We referred to it above in the Domain Server description, and the simplest way of describing it is as a telephone number for your web server. IP is short for Internet Protocol.
Operating System: You’ve probably heard this term before as an O/S (as it is also known as) is used on phones, pc’s laptops and of course servers. When running a server it is more often than not a Linux or Windows Operating System.
Server: This is the workhorse of the internet! It is a collection of hardware and software that provides a network service and allows a website to “communicate” with the outside world.
Uptime: The period of time that your website (and server) is up and available. The opposite of this is downtime, and this is where your website is not available due to a network or server fault.
If you would like to find out more about our hosting options, then please visit MacroLan Web Hosting page. Also keep an eye out for next month’s hosting blog articles to learn more about web hosting for non-tech types.